Fast Facts: The largest province in Canada, Quebec is located in the east-central region of the country. While Quebec City is the provincial capital, the largest and most prominent city is Montreal. Quebec is the only province in which French is the sole official language.
Quebec Careers: A Canada Census of Population in 2006 estimated Quebec’s population at nearly 7.5 million. Montreal was ranked 22nd in a “Quality of Life Global City Ranking” by Mercer in 2009. Five of Quebec’s universities rank in the US News top 20 Canadian colleges.
Quebec Economy: Quebec boasts one of the more diverse economies in Canada including the prominent agriculture, manufacturing and technology industries. The St. Lawrence River Valley is the heart of Quebec’s agricultural sector and the Ungava Bay region includes valuable iron ore reserves. In addition, Hydro-Quebec is the world’s largest hydro-electricity producer.
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Location, Location, Location: Quebec is located in the east-central region of Canada and is the largest province by area.
Cities: Quebec City is the province’s capital, while its largest city is Montreal.
Behind the Name: Quebec is nicknamed “La Belle Province”, which translates from French as “the beautiful province.”
A Closer Look: Nationalism has played a crucial role in the province of Quebec in recent times. Popular referendums on the concept of independence were held in 1980 and 1995, and in 2006 the Canadian House of Commons symbolically Quebec as a “nation within a united Canada.”
Did You Know? With its predominantly French-speaking population, Quebec is the only province in which French is the sole official language.
Population: 7,435,905, as estimated by Canada Census of Population, 2006.
Business Environment: Canada was ranked 2nd of 181 countries in a 2009 “Best Country to Start a Business” by DoingBusiness.org.
Top Industries: In terms of paid employees, according to a Statistics Canada 2009 study: (1) trade; (2) manufacturing; (3) health care and social assistance; (4) professional, scientific and technical services; and (5) educational services.
Taxes: The Canada Revenue Agency reports: a Progressive Income Tax Rate; and a 12.875% Sales Tax.
Cost of Living: The Consumer Price Index had increased to 114.3 in June of 2009 (from 100.0 in the Year 2002), according to Statistics Canada, 2009.
Quality of Life: Montreal was ranked 22nd in a 2009 Quality of Life Global City Ranking by Mercer.
Weather: Average Temperature (in °F.) – Jan: 20; Apr: 43; July: 69; Oct: 48, according to Weather.com.
K-12: Canada ranked 2nd of 17 peer countries in a 2008 Conference Board of Canada Ranking.
College Education US News and World Report Canadian college rankings: McGill University (#1), University of Montreal (#5), Laval University (#16), University of Quebec (#18) and Concordia University (#20).
In General: The province of Quebec boasts one of the most diverse economies in Canada, including prominent agriculture, manufacturing and technology industries.
Service Industry: A majority of Quebec’s workforce can be found in service-related occupations focused around the major cities of Montreal and Quebec City, which are major tourist attractions and Canadian centers for international commerce.
Agriculture: The fertile land in the St. Lawrence River Valley is the heart of Quebec’s agricultural industry. Dairy products lead the sector, followed by fruits, vegetables and tobacco.
Manufacturing: Quebec’s manufacturing involves the variety of natural resources acquired from its forested regions, which yield paper, lumber and hydroelectricity. Hydro-Quebec is the world’s largest hydroelectricity producer. Food processing, automobile manufacturing and metal products are also important contributors.
Mining: In the northern parts of the province copper, iron, zinc, silver and gold are mined. Iron ore reserves in the Ungava Bay have proved valuable in recent times.
A Closer Look: Many high-tech industries are centered around Montreal including defense contractor Lockheed Martin, communications company Bell Canada, jet engine company Pratt & Whitney and aircraft manufacturer Bombardier.
Did You Know? Breakfast of Champions: Quebec is the world’s largest maple syrup producer.
Sources: In addition to specific citations noted in this “Career Information” section, supplementary source materials include: Canada Statoids; Infoplease.com; and Wikipedia.com.