Careers, Jobs and Education Resources for: Albania

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Albania declared its independence from the Ottoman Empire in 1912, but was conquered by Italy in 1939. Communist partisans took over the country in 1944. Albania allied itself first with the USSR (until 1960), and then with China (to 1978). In the early 1990s, Albania ended 46 years of xenophobic Communist rule and established a multiparty democracy. The transition has proven challenging as successive governments have tried to deal with high unemployment, widespread corruption, a dilapidated physical infrastructure, powerful organized crime networks, and combative political opponents. Albania has made progress in its democratic development since first holding multiparty elections in 1991, but deficiencies remain. International observers judged elections to be largely free and fair since the restoration of political stability following the collapse of pyramid schemes in 1997. In the 2005 general elections, the Democratic Party and its allies won a decisive victory on pledges of reducing crime and corruption, promoting economic growth, and decreasing the size of government. The election, and particularly the orderly transition of power, was considered an important step forward. Although Albania's economy continues to grow, the country is still one of the poorest in Europe, hampered by a large informal economy and an inadequate energy and transportation infrastructure. Albania has played a largely helpful role in managing inter-ethnic tensions in southeastern Europe, and is continuing to work toward joining NATO and the EU. Albania, with troops in Iraq and Afghanistan, has been a strong supporter of the global war on terrorism. (from the CIA)


Economic Overview

Lagging behind its balkan neighbors, albania is making the difficult transition to a more modern open-market economy. the government has taken measures to curb violent crime, and recently adopted a fiscal reform package aimed at reducing the large gray economy and attracting foreign investment. the economy is bolstered by annual remittances from abroad of $600-$800 million, mostly from albanians residing in greece and italy; this helps offset the towering trade deficit. agriculture, which accounts for more than one-fifth of gdp, is held back because of lack of modern equipment, unclear property rights, and the prevalence of small, inefficient plots of land. energy shortages and antiquated and inadequate infrastructure contribute to albania's poor business environment, which make it difficult to attract and sustain foreign investment. the completion of a new thermal power plant near vlore and improved transmission line between albania and montenegro will help relieve the energy shortages. also, the government is moving slowly to improve the poor national road and rail network, a long-standing barrier to sustained economic growth. on the positive side, macroeconomic growth was strong in 2003-07 and inflation is low and stable.

Environmental Issues

Deforestation; soil erosion; water pollution from industrial and domestic effluents

Government Type

Emerging democracy


3,619,778 (july 2008 est.)


Southeastern europe, bordering the adriatic sea and ionian sea, between greece in the south and montenegro and kosovo to the north


Total: 28,748 sq km land: 27,398 sq km water: 1,350 sq km

Slightly smaller than maryland

Country Aliases

Conventional long form: republic of albania conventional short form: albania local long form: republika e shqiperise local short form: shqiperia former: people's socialist republic of albania


Name: tirana (tirane) geographic coordinates: 41 19 n, 19 49 e time difference: utc+1 (6 hours ahead of washington, dc during standard time) daylight saving time: +1hr, begins last sunday in march; ends last sunday in october

Military Service

19 years of age (2004)

International Disputes

The albanian government calls for the protection of the rights of ethnic albanians in neighboring countries, and the peaceful resolution of interethnic disputes; some ethnic albanian groups in neighboring countries advocate for a "greater albania," but the idea has little appeal among albanian nationals; the mass emigration of unemployed albanians remains a problem for developed countries, chiefly greece and italy

Sources: Central Intelligence Agency (CIA)

Colleges and Universities

  • Akademia e Arteve
  • Akademia e Edukimit Fizik dhe Sporteve Vojo Kushi
  • Shkolla e Filmit dhe Multimedias Marubi
  • UFO-Dental
  • Universiteti "Eqrem Çabej" Gjirokastër
  • Universiteti 'Fan S. Noli' Korçë
  • Universiteti Aleksandër Moisiu i Durrësit
  • Universiteti Aleksandër Xhuvani
  • Universiteti Bujqësor i Tiranës
  • Universiteti i Shkodrës 'Luigj Gurakuqi'
  • Universiteti i Tiranës
  • Universiteti Luarasi
  • Universiteti POLIS - Shkolla nderkombetare e Arkitektures dhe politikave te zhvillimit urban
  • Universiteti Politeknik i Tiranës
  • Universiteti Teknologjik Ismail Qemal Vlora
  • University of New York at Tirana
  • Zoja e Këshillit të Mirë

0 Albania Jobs Found