Careers, Jobs and Education Resources for: Algeria


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After more than a century of rule by France, Algerians fought through much of the 1950s to achieve independence in 1962. Algeria's primary political party, the National Liberation Front (FLN), has dominated politics ever since. Many Algerians in the subsequent generation were not satisfied, however, and moved to counter the FLN's centrality in Algerian politics. The surprising first round success of the Islamic Salvation Front (FIS) in the December 1991 balloting spurred the Algerian army to intervene and postpone the second round of elections to prevent what the secular elite feared would be an extremist-led government from assuming power. The army began a crackdown on the FIS that spurred FIS supporters to begin attacking government targets. The government later allowed elections featuring pro-government and moderate religious-based parties, but did not appease the activists who progressively widened their attacks. The fighting escalated into an insurgency, which saw intense fighting between 1992-98 and which resulted in over 100,000 deaths - many attributed to indiscriminate massacres of villagers by extremists. The government gained the upper hand by the late-1990s and FIS's armed wing, the Islamic Salvation Army, disbanded in January 2000. However, small numbers of armed militants persist in confronting government forces and conducting ambushes and occasional attacks on villages. The army placed Abdelaziz BOUTEFLIKA in the presidency in 1999 in a fraudulent election but claimed neutrality in his 2004 landslide reelection victory. Longstanding problems continue to face BOUTEFLIKA in his second term, including the ethnic minority Berbers' ongoing autonomy campaign, large-scale unemployment, a shortage of housing, unreliable electrical and water supplies, government inefficiencies and corruption, and the continuing activities of extremist militants. The 2006 merger of the Salafist Group for Preaching and Combat (GSPC) with al-Qaida (followed by a name change to al-Qaida in the Lands of the Islamic Maghreb) signaled an increase in bombings, including high-profile, mass-casualty suicide attacks targeted against the Algerian government and Western interests. Algeria must also diversify its petroleum-based economy, which has yielded a large cash reserve but which has not been used to redress Algeria's many social and infrastructure problems. (from the CIA)
 
 

 

Economic Overview

The hydrocarbons sector is the backbone of the economy, accounting for roughly 60% of budget revenues, 30% of gdp, and over 95% of export earnings. algeria has the eighth-largest reserves of natural gas in the world and is the fourth-largest gas exporter; it ranks 14th in oil reserves. sustained high oil prices in recent years have helped improve algeria's financial and macroeconomic indicators. algeria is running substantial trade surpluses and building up record foreign exchange reserves. algeria has decreased its external debt to less than 10% of gdp after repaying its paris club and london club debt in 2006. real gdp has risen due to higher oil output and increased government spending. the government's continued efforts to diversify the economy by attracting foreign and domestic investment outside the energy sector, however, has had little success in reducing high unemployment and improving living standards. structural reform within the economy, such as development of the banking sector and the construction of infrastructure, moves ahead slowly hampered by corruption and bureaucratic resistance.

Environmental Issues

Soil erosion from overgrazing and other poor farming practices; desertification; dumping of raw sewage, petroleum refining wastes, and other industrial effluents is leading to the pollution of rivers and coastal waters; mediterranean sea, in particular, becoming polluted from oil wastes, soil erosion, and fertilizer runoff; inadequate supplies of potable water

Government Type

Republic

Population

33,769,668 (july 2008 est.)

Location

Northern africa, bordering the mediterranean sea, between morocco and tunisia

Area

Total: 2,381,740 sq km land: 2,381,740 sq km water: 0 sq km

Slightly less than 3.5 times the size of texas

Country Aliases

Conventional long form: people's democratic republic of algeria conventional short form: algeria local long form: al jumhuriyah al jaza'iriyah ad dimuqratiyah ash sha'biyah local short form: al jaza'ir

Capital

Name: algiers geographic coordinates: 36 45 n, 3 03 e time difference: utc+1 (6 hours ahead of washington, dc during standard time)

Military Service

19-30 years of age for compulsory military service; conscript service obligation - 18 months (6 months basic training, 12 months civil projects) (2006)

International Disputes

Algeria, and many other states, rejects moroccan administration of western sahara; the polisario front, exiled in algeria, represents the sahrawi arab democratic republic; algeria's border with morocco remains an irritant to bilateral relations, each nation accusing the other of harboring militants and arms smuggling; algeria remains concerned about armed bandits operating throughout the sahel who sometimes destabilize southern algerian towns; dormant disputes include libyan claims of about 32,000 sq km still reflected on its maps of southeastern algeria and the fln's assertions of a claim to chirac pastures in southeastern morocco

Sources: Central Intelligence Agency (CIA)

14 Algeria Jobs Found


We are looking for the right people — people who want to innovate, achieve, grow and lead. We attract and retain the best talent by investing in ou...
Halliburton - Hassi Messaoud - posted 8 days ago
We are looking for the right people — people who want to innovate, achieve, grow and lead. We attract and retain the best talent by investing in ou...
Halliburton - Staoueli - posted 14 days ago
We are looking for the right people — people who want to innovate, achieve, grow and lead. We attract and retain the best talent by investing in ou...
Halliburton - Hassi Messaoud - posted 17 days ago
We are looking for the right people — people who want to innovate, achieve, grow and lead. We attract and retain the best talent by investing in ou...
Halliburton - Hassi Messaoud - posted 17 days ago
P OSITION OPEN FOR RESIDENTS OF HASSI MESSAOUD ONLY Job Summary : Responsible for complete in shop disassembly , inspection, refurbishment, reassem...
National Oilwell Varco UK - Hassi Messaoud - posted 6 days ago
POSITION OPEN FOR RESIDENTS OF HASSI MESSAOUD ONLY Job Summary: To oversee and manage Rig Floor Repair workshop activities and personnel. The base ...
National Oilwell Varco UK - Hassi Messaoud - posted 6 days ago
D2M technologies is looking for a large Oil and Gas Project in Hassi Messaoud, Algeria a Panel Operator for a two-year contract renewable on rotati...
D2m Services - Paris - Hassi Messaoud - posted 7 days ago
D2M technologies is looking for a large Oil and Gas Project in Hassi Messaoud, Algeria a shift leader for a two-year contract renewable on rotation...
D2m Services - Paris - Hassi Messaoud - posted 7 days ago
Dans le cadre de nos activités dans le secteur de l'Oil & Gas nous recherchons un INGENIEUR SYSTEME ICSS/PLC. Vous serez chargé de gérer et mainten...
AKKA - Adrar - posted 25 days ago
- Senior Project Manager - 3 Year Contract - Living in Lyon and Algeria - Some work completed back in the EU - 20 Years’ experience and 10 Years’ e...
Spencer Ogden - UK - Biskra - posted 27 days ago

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