Careers, Jobs and Education Resources for: Australia


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Aboriginal settlers arrived on the continent from Southeast Asia about 40,000 years before the first Europeans began exploration in the 17th century. No formal territorial claims were made until 1770, when Capt. James COOK took possession in the name of Great Britain. Six colonies were created in the late 18th and 19th centuries; they federated and became the Commonwealth of Australia in 1901. The new country took advantage of its natural resources to rapidly develop agricultural and manufacturing industries and to make a major contribution to the British effort in World Wars I and II. In recent decades, Australia has transformed itself into an internationally competitive, advanced market economy. It boasted one of the OECD's fastest growing economies during the 1990s, a performance due in large part to economic reforms adopted in the 1980s. Long-term concerns include climate-change issues such as the depletion of the ozone layer and more frequent droughts, and management and conservation of coastal areas, especially the Great Barrier Reef. (from the CIA)
 
 

 

Economic Overview

Australia has an enviable, strong economy with a per capita gdp on par with the four dominant west european economies. robust business and consumer confidence and high export prices for raw materials and agricultural products are fueling the economy, particularly in mining states. australia's emphasis on reforms, low inflation, a housing market boom, and growing ties with china have been key factors behind the economy's 16 solid years of expansion. drought, robust import demand, and a strong currency have pushed the trade deficit up in recent years, while infrastructure bottlenecks and a tight labor market are constraining growth in export volumes and stoking inflation. australia's budget has been in surplus since 2002 due to strong revenue growth.

Environmental Issues

Soil erosion from overgrazing, industrial development, urbanization, and poor farming practices; soil salinity rising due to the use of poor quality water; desertification; clearing for agricultural purposes threatens the natural habitat of many unique animal and plant species; the great barrier reef off the northeast coast, the largest coral reef in the world, is threatened by increased shipping and its popularity as a tourist site; limited natural fresh water resources

Government Type

Federal parliamentary democracy

Population

21,007,310 (july 2008 est.)

Location

Oceania, continent between the indian ocean and the south pacific ocean

Area

Total: 7,686,850 sq km land: 7,617,930 sq km water: 68,920 sq km note: includes lord howe island and macquarie island

Slightly smaller than the us contiguous 48 states

Country Aliases

Conventional long form: commonwealth of australia conventional short form: australia

Capital

Name: canberra geographic coordinates: 35 17 s, 149 13 e time difference: utc+10 (15 hours ahead of washington, dc during standard time) daylight saving time: +1hr, begins last sunday in october; ends last sunday in march note: australia is divided into three time zones

Military Service

17 years of age for voluntary military service (with parental consent); no conscription; women allowed to serve in army combat units in non-combat support roles (2008)

International Disputes

Timor-leste and australia agreed in 2005 to defer the disputed portion of the boundary for fifty years and to split hydrocarbon revenues evenly outside the joint petroleum development area covered by the 2002 timor sea treaty; dispute with timor-leste hampers creation of a revised maritime boundary with indonesia in the timor sea; regional states continue to express concern over australia's 2004 declaration of a 1,000-nautical mile-wide maritime identification zone; australia asserts land and maritime claims to antarctica; in 2004 australia submitted its claims to commission on the limits of the continental shelf (clcs) to extend its continental margins covering over 3.37 million square kilometers, expanding its seabed roughly thirty percent more than its claimed exclusive economic zone; since 2003, australia has led the regional assistance mission to the solomon islands (ramsi) to maintain civil and political order and reinforce regional security

Sources: Central Intelligence Agency (CIA)

68 Australia Jobs Found


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Pitney Bowes - Melbourne - posted 5 days ago
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Mediaocean - Sydney - posted 6 days ago
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Pitney Bowes - Brisbane - posted 6 days ago
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