Careers, Jobs and Education Resources for: Australia

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Aboriginal settlers arrived on the continent from Southeast Asia about 40,000 years before the first Europeans began exploration in the 17th century. No formal territorial claims were made until 1770, when Capt. James COOK took possession in the name of Great Britain. Six colonies were created in the late 18th and 19th centuries; they federated and became the Commonwealth of Australia in 1901. The new country took advantage of its natural resources to rapidly develop agricultural and manufacturing industries and to make a major contribution to the British effort in World Wars I and II. In recent decades, Australia has transformed itself into an internationally competitive, advanced market economy. It boasted one of the OECD's fastest growing economies during the 1990s, a performance due in large part to economic reforms adopted in the 1980s. Long-term concerns include climate-change issues such as the depletion of the ozone layer and more frequent droughts, and management and conservation of coastal areas, especially the Great Barrier Reef. (from the CIA)


Economic Overview

Australia has an enviable, strong economy with a per capita gdp on par with the four dominant west european economies. robust business and consumer confidence and high export prices for raw materials and agricultural products are fueling the economy, particularly in mining states. australia's emphasis on reforms, low inflation, a housing market boom, and growing ties with china have been key factors behind the economy's 16 solid years of expansion. drought, robust import demand, and a strong currency have pushed the trade deficit up in recent years, while infrastructure bottlenecks and a tight labor market are constraining growth in export volumes and stoking inflation. australia's budget has been in surplus since 2002 due to strong revenue growth.

Environmental Issues

Soil erosion from overgrazing, industrial development, urbanization, and poor farming practices; soil salinity rising due to the use of poor quality water; desertification; clearing for agricultural purposes threatens the natural habitat of many unique animal and plant species; the great barrier reef off the northeast coast, the largest coral reef in the world, is threatened by increased shipping and its popularity as a tourist site; limited natural fresh water resources

Government Type

Federal parliamentary democracy


21,007,310 (july 2008 est.)


Oceania, continent between the indian ocean and the south pacific ocean


Total: 7,686,850 sq km land: 7,617,930 sq km water: 68,920 sq km note: includes lord howe island and macquarie island

Slightly smaller than the us contiguous 48 states

Country Aliases

Conventional long form: commonwealth of australia conventional short form: australia


Name: canberra geographic coordinates: 35 17 s, 149 13 e time difference: utc+10 (15 hours ahead of washington, dc during standard time) daylight saving time: +1hr, begins last sunday in october; ends last sunday in march note: australia is divided into three time zones

Military Service

17 years of age for voluntary military service (with parental consent); no conscription; women allowed to serve in army combat units in non-combat support roles (2008)

International Disputes

Timor-leste and australia agreed in 2005 to defer the disputed portion of the boundary for fifty years and to split hydrocarbon revenues evenly outside the joint petroleum development area covered by the 2002 timor sea treaty; dispute with timor-leste hampers creation of a revised maritime boundary with indonesia in the timor sea; regional states continue to express concern over australia's 2004 declaration of a 1,000-nautical mile-wide maritime identification zone; australia asserts land and maritime claims to antarctica; in 2004 australia submitted its claims to commission on the limits of the continental shelf (clcs) to extend its continental margins covering over 3.37 million square kilometers, expanding its seabed roughly thirty percent more than its claimed exclusive economic zone; since 2003, australia has led the regional assistance mission to the solomon islands (ramsi) to maintain civil and political order and reinforce regional security

Sources: Central Intelligence Agency (CIA)

89 Australia Jobs Found

We are looking for the right people — people who want to innovate, achieve, grow and lead. We attract and retain the best talent by investing in ou...
Halliburton - Perth - posted about 16 hours ago
Job Purpose: As a Kofax Account Executive, you will be responsible for managing existing customers and generating new business for products and ser...
Kofax - Sydney - posted 1 day ago
This client is operating within the health care industry in the East of Melbourne. Due to a large up scaling of customer and client contacts the de...
Nigel Frank International APAC - Eastern Suburbs Melbourne - posted 1 day ago
**URGENT** Microsoft Dynamics AX Project Manager - Sydney, Australia Our client, a leading Microsoft Gold Partner, currently seeks an experienced M...
Nigel Frank International APAC - Sydney CBD - posted 3 days ago
Marketo Lead Our Client who is a global Gold Partner with Marketo who is looking for an Marketing Automation Consultant to come on board and manage...
Nigel Frank International APAC - Remote - posted 4 days ago
Microsoft Dynamics AX Functional Consultant - Trade & Logistics - Mid-level/Senior -Sydney Our client is currently looking for Dynamics AX Mid-leve...
Nigel Frank International APAC - Sydney CBD - posted 4 days ago
MS Dynamics AX Retail Consultant - Melbourne, Sydney, Brisbane For my client, an internationally operating MS Gold Partner, I am looking for consul...
Nigel Frank International APAC - Sydney - posted 4 days ago
Join an award wining Dynamics Partner with brand new AX projects in the Sydney area. The company are looking for a Dynamics AX Trade and Logistics ...
Nigel Frank International APAC - Sydney - posted 4 days ago
Microsoft Dynamics AX Functional Consultant- Finance - MS Gold Partner Do you have experience as a Dynamics AX functional consultant? Work for a Mi...
Nigel Frank International APAC - Sydney CBD - posted 4 days ago
My client, an end user organisation based in Sydney is looking for a Senior Microsoft Dynamics CRM Developer to develop a number of solutions and c...
Nigel Frank International APAC - Sydney - posted 6 days ago

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