Careers, Jobs and Education Resources for: Bahrain


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In 1783, the al-Khalifa family captured Bahrain from the Persians. In order to secure these holdings, it entered into a series of treaties with the UK during the 19th century that made Bahrain a British protectorate. The archipelago attained its independence in 1971. Bahrain's small size and central location among Persian Gulf countries require it to play a delicate balancing act in foreign affairs among its larger neighbors. Facing declining oil reserves, Bahrain has turned to petroleum processing and refining and has transformed itself into an international banking center. King HAMAD bin Isa al-Khalifa, after coming to power in 1999, pushed economic and political reforms to improve relations with the Shi'a community. Shi'a political societies participated in 2006 parliamentary and municipal elections. Al Wifaq, the largest Shi'a political society, won the largest number of seats in the elected chamber of the legislature. However, Shi'a discontent has resurfaced in recent years with street demonstrations and occasional low-level violence. (from the CIA)
 
 

 

Economic Overview

With its highly developed communication and transport facilities, bahrain is home to numerous multinational firms with business in the gulf. petroleum production and refining account for over 60% of bahrain's export receipts, over 70% of government revenues, and 11% of gdp (exclusive of allied industries), underpinning bahrain's strong economic growth in recent years. aluminum is bahrain's second major export after oil. other major segments of bahrain's economy are the financial and construction sectors. bahrain is focused on islamic banking and is competing on an international scale with malaysia as a worldwide banking center. bahrain is actively pursuing the diversification and privatization of its economy to reduce the country's dependence on oil. as part of this effort, in august 2006 bahrain and the us implemented a free trade agreement (fta), the first fta between the us and a gulf state. continued strong growth hinges on bahrain's ability to acquire new natural gas supplies as feedstock to support its expanding petrochemical and aluminum industries. unemployment, especially among the young, and the depletion of oil and underground water resources are long-term economic problems.

Environmental Issues

Desertification resulting from the degradation of limited arable land, periods of drought, and dust storms; coastal degradation (damage to coastlines, coral reefs, and sea vegetation) resulting from oil spills and other discharges from large tankers, oil refineries, and distribution stations; lack of freshwater resources (groundwater and seawater are the only sources for all water needs)

Government Type

Constitutional monarchy

Population

718,306 note: includes 235,108 non-nationals (july 2008 est.)

Location

Middle east, archipelago in the persian gulf, east of saudi arabia

Area

Total: 665 sq km land: 665 sq km water: 0 sq km

3.5 times the size of washington, dc

Country Aliases

Conventional long form: kingdom of bahrain conventional short form: bahrain local long form: mamlakat al bahrayn local short form: al bahrayn former: dilmun

Capital

Name: manama geographic coordinates: 26 14 n, 50 34 e time difference: utc+3 (8 hours ahead of washington, dc during standard time)

Military Service

17 years of age for voluntary military service; 15 years of age for ncos, technicians, and cadets; no conscription (2008)

International Disputes

None

Sources: Central Intelligence Agency (CIA)

1 Bahrain Job Found


Principal Electrical Engineer position - Permanent role with a rotation Currently recruiting for a Prinicpal Electrical Engineer, for a fantastic g...
ECL Global - Bahrain/Saudi - posted 21 days ago

 
 
 
 

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