Careers, Jobs and Education Resources for: Burundi

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Burundi's first democratically elected president was assassinated in October 1993 after only 100 days in office, triggering widespread ethnic violence between Hutu and Tutsi factions. More than 200,000 Burundians perished during the conflict that spanned almost a dozen years. Hundreds of thousands of Burundians were internally displaced or became refugees in neighboring countries. An internationally brokered power-sharing agreement between the Tutsi-dominated government and the Hutu rebels in 2003 paved the way for a transition process that led to an integrated defense force, established a new constitution in 2005, and elected a majority Hutu government in 2005. The new government, led by President Pierre NKURUNZIZA, signed a South African brokered ceasefire with the country's last rebel group in September of 2006 but still faces many challenges. (from the CIA)


Economic Overview

Burundi is a landlocked, resource-poor country with an underdeveloped manufacturing sector. the economy is predominantly agricultural with more than 90% of the population dependent on subsistence agriculture. economic growth depends on coffee and tea exports, which account for 90% of foreign exchange earnings. the ability to pay for imports, therefore, rests primarily on weather conditions and international coffee and tea prices. the tutsi minority, 14% of the population, dominates the government and the coffee trade at the expense of the hutu majority, 85% of the population. an ethnic-based war that lasted for over a decade resulted in more than 200,000 deaths, forced more than 48,000 refugees into tanzania, and displaced 140,000 others internally. only one in two children go to school, and approximately one in 15 adults has hiv/aids. food, medicine, and electricity remain in short supply. burundi's gdp grew around 5% annually in 2006-07. political stability and the end of the civil war have improved aid flows and economic activity has increased, but underlying weaknesses - a high poverty rate, poor education rates, a weak legal system, and low administrative capacity - risk undermining planned economic reforms. burundi will continue to remain heavily dependent on aid from bilateral and multilateral donors; the delay of funds after a corruption scandal cut off bilateral aid in 2007 reduced government's revenues and its ability to pay salaries.

Environmental Issues

Soil erosion as a result of overgrazing and the expansion of agriculture into marginal lands; deforestation (little forested land remains because of uncontrolled cutting of trees for fuel); habitat loss threatens wildlife populations

Government Type



8,691,005 note: estimates for this country explicitly take into account the effects of excess mortality due to aids; this can result in lower life expectancy, higher infant mortality, higher death rates, lower population growth rates, and changes in the distribution of population by age and sex than would otherwise be expected (july 2008 est.)


Central africa, east of democratic republic of the congo


Total: 27,830 sq km land: 25,650 sq km water: 2,180 sq km

Slightly smaller than maryland

Country Aliases

Conventional long form: republic of burundi conventional short form: burundi local long form: republique du burundi/republika y'u burundi local short form: burundi former: urundi


Name: bujumbura geographic coordinates: 3 22 s, 29 21 e time difference: utc+2 (7 hours ahead of washington, dc during standard time)

Military Service

16 years of age for compulsory and voluntary military service; children as young as 10 years of age have been conscripted into the armed forces; the enrollment of children is still not prohibited (2007)

International Disputes

Burundi and rwanda dispute sections of border on the akanyaru/kanyaru and the kagera/nyabarongo rivers, which have changed course since the 1960s, when the boundary was delimited; cross-border conflicts among tutsi, hutu, other ethnic groups, associated political rebels, armed gangs, and various government forces persist in the great lakes region

Sources: Central Intelligence Agency (CIA)

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