Careers, Jobs and Education Resources for: Central African Republic


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The former French colony of Ubangi-Shari became the Central African Republic upon independence in 1960. After three tumultuous decades of misrule - mostly by military governments - civilian rule was established in 1993 and lasted for one decade. President Ange-Felix PATASSE's civilian government was plagued by unrest, and in March 2003 he was deposed in a military coup led by General Francois BOZIZE, who established a transitional government. Though the government has the tacit support of civil society groups and the main parties, a wide field of candidates contested the municipal, legislative, and presidential elections held in March and May of 2005 in which General BOZIZE was affirmed as president. The government still does not fully control the countryside, where pockets of lawlessness persist. Unrest in neighboring nations, Chad, Sudan, and the DRC, continues to affect stability in the Central African Republic as well. (from the CIA)
 
 

 

Economic Overview

Subsistence agriculture, together with forestry, remains the backbone of the economy of the central african republic (car), with more than 70% of the population living in outlying areas. the agricultural sector generates more than half of gdp. timber has accounted for about 16% of export earnings and the diamond industry, for 40%. important constraints to economic development include the car's landlocked position, a poor transportation system, a largely unskilled work force, and a legacy of misdirected macroeconomic policies. factional fighting between the government and its opponents remains a drag on economic revitalization. distribution of income is extraordinarily unequal. grants from france and the international community can only partially meet humanitarian needs.

Environmental Issues

Tap water is not potable; poaching has diminished the country's reputation as one of the last great wildlife refuges; desertification; deforestation

Government Type

Republic

Population

4,444,330 note: estimates for this country explicitly take into account the effects of excess mortality due to aids; this can result in lower life expectancy, higher infant mortality, higher death rates, lower population growth rates, and changes in the distribution of population by age and sex than would otherwise be expected (july 2008 est.)

Location

Central africa, north of democratic republic of the congo

Area

Total: 622,984 sq km land: 622,984 sq km water: 0 sq km

Slightly smaller than texas

Country Aliases

Conventional long form: central african republic conventional short form: none local long form: republique centrafricaine local short form: none former: ubangi-shari, central african empire abbreviation: car

Capital

Name: bangui geographic coordinates: 4 22 n, 18 35 e time difference: utc+1 (6 hours ahead of washington, dc during standard time)

Military Service

18 years of age for compulsory and voluntary military service; 2-year conscript service obligation (2006)

International Disputes

Periodic skirmishes over water and grazing rights among related pastoral populations along the border with southern sudan persist

Sources: Central Intelligence Agency (CIA)

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