Careers, Jobs and Education Resources for: Fiji


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Fiji became independent in 1970, after nearly a century as a British colony. Democratic rule was interrupted by two military coups in 1987, caused by concern over a government perceived as dominated by the Indian community (descendants of contract laborers brought to the islands by the British in the 19th century). The coups and a 1990 constitution that cemented native Melanesian control of Fiji, led to heavy Indian emigration; the population loss resulted in economic difficulties, but ensured that Melanesians became the majority. A new constitution enacted in 1997 was more equitable. Free and peaceful elections in 1999 resulted in a government led by an Indo-Fijian, but a civilian-led coup in May 2000 ushered in a prolonged period of political turmoil. Parliamentary elections held in August 2001 provided Fiji with a democratically elected government led by Prime Minister Laisenia QARASE. Re-elected in May 2006, QARASE was ousted in a December 2006 military coup led by Commodore Voreqe BAINIMARAMA, who initially appointed himself acting president. In January 2007, BAINIMARAMA was appointed interim prime minister. (from the CIA)
 
 

 

Economic Overview

Fiji, endowed with forest, mineral, and fish resources, is one of the most developed of the pacific island economies, though still with a large subsistence sector. sugar exports, remittances from fijians working abroad, and a growing tourist industry - with 400,000 to 500,000 tourists annually - are the major sources of foreign exchange. fiji's sugar has special access to european union markets, but will be harmed by the eu's decision to cut sugar subsidies. sugar processing makes up one-third of industrial activity but is not efficient. fiji's tourism industry was damaged by the december 2006 coup and is facing an uncertain recovery time. the coup has created a difficult business climate. tourist arrivals for 2007 are estimated to be down almost 6%, with substantial job losses in the service sector. in july 2007 the reserve bank of fiji announced the economy was expected to contract by 3.1% in 2007. fiji's current account deficit reached 23% of gdp in 2006. the eu has suspended all aid until the interim government takes steps toward new elections. long-term problems include low investment, uncertain land ownership rights, and the government's inability to manage its budget. overseas remittances from fijians working in kuwait and iraq have decreased significantly.

Environmental Issues

Deforestation; soil erosion

Government Type

Republic

Population

931,741 (july 2008 est.)

Location

Oceania, island group in the south pacific ocean, about two-thirds of the way from hawaii to new zealand

Area

Total: 18,270 sq km land: 18,270 sq km water: 0 sq km

Slightly smaller than new jersey

Country Aliases

Conventional long form: republic of the fiji islands conventional short form: fiji local long form: republic of the fiji islands/matanitu ko viti local short form: fiji/viti

Capital

Name: suva (on viti levu) geographic coordinates: 18 08 s, 178 25 e time difference: utc+12 (17 hours ahead of washington, dc during standard time)

Military Service

18 years of age for voluntary military service; reserve obligation to age 45 (2006)

International Disputes

None

Sources: Central Intelligence Agency (CIA)

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