Careers, Jobs and Education Resources for: Guinea


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Guinea has had only two presidents since gaining its independence from France in 1958. Lansana CONTE came to power in 1984 when the military seized the government after the death of the first president, Sekou TOURE. Guinea did not hold democratic elections until 1993 when Gen. CONTE (head of the military government) was elected president of the civilian government. He was reelected in 1998 and again in 2003, though all the polls have been marred by irregularities. Guinea has maintained its internal stability despite spillover effects from conflict in Sierra Leone and Liberia. As those countries have rebuilt, Guinea's own vulnerability to political and economic crisis has increased. Declining economic conditions and popular dissatisfaction with corruption and bad governance prompted two massive strikes in 2006; a third nationwide strike in early 2007 sparked violent protests in many Guinean cities and prompted two weeks of martial law. To appease the unions and end the unrest, CONTE named a new prime minister in March 2007. (from the CIA)
 
 

 

Economic Overview

Guinea possesses major mineral, hydropower, and agricultural resources, yet remains an underdeveloped nation. the country has almost half of the world's bauxite reserves and is the second-largest bauxite producer. the mining sector accounts for over 70% of exports. long-run improvements in government fiscal arrangements, literacy, and the legal framework are needed if the country is to move out of poverty. investor confidence has been sapped by rampant corruption, a lack of electricity and other infrastructure, a lack of skilled workers, and the political uncertainty due to the failing health of president lansana conte. guinea is trying to reengage with the imf and world bank, which cut off most assistance in 2003, and is working closely with technical advisors from the u.s. treasury department, the world bank and imf, seeking to return to a fully funded program. growth rose slightly in 2006-07, primarily due to increases in global demand and commodity prices on world markets, but the standard of living fell. the guinea franc depreciated sharply as the prices for basic necessities like food and fuel rose beyond the reach of most guineans. dissatisfaction with economic conditions prompted nationwide strikes in february and june 2006.

Environmental Issues

Deforestation; inadequate supplies of potable water; desertification; soil contamination and erosion; overfishing, overpopulation in forest region; poor mining practices have led to environmental damage

Government Type

Republic

Population

9,806,509 (july 2008 est.)

Location

Western africa, bordering the north atlantic ocean, between guinea-bissau and sierra leone

Area

Total: 245,857 sq km land: 245,857 sq km water: 0 sq km

Slightly smaller than oregon

Country Aliases

Conventional long form: republic of guinea conventional short form: guinea local long form: republique de guinee local short form: guinee former: french guinea

Capital

Name: conakry geographic coordinates: 9 33 n, 13 42 w time difference: utc 0 (5 hours ahead of washington, dc during standard time)

Military Service

18 years of age for compulsory military service; 2-year conscript service obligation (2006)

International Disputes

Conflicts among rebel groups, warlords, and youth gangs in neighboring states have spilled over into guinea, resulting in domestic instability; sierra leone considers guinea's definition of the flood plain limits to define the left bank boundary of the makona and moa rivers excessive and protests guinea's continued occupation of these lands, including the hamlet of yenga, occupied since 1998

Sources: Central Intelligence Agency (CIA)

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