Careers, Jobs and Education Resources for: Iraq


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Formerly part of the Ottoman Empire, Iraq was occupied by Britain during the course of World War I; in 1920, it was declared a League of Nations mandate under UK administration. In stages over the next dozen years, Iraq attained its independence as a kingdom in 1932. A "republic" was proclaimed in 1958, but in actuality a series of military strongmen ruled the country until 2003. The last was SADDAM Husayn. Territorial disputes with Iran led to an inconclusive and costly eight-year war (1980-88). In August 1990, Iraq seized Kuwait but was expelled by US-led, UN coalition forces during the Gulf War of January-February 1991. Following Kuwait's liberation, the UN Security Council (UNSC) required Iraq to scrap all weapons of mass destruction and long-range missiles and to allow UN verification inspections. Continued Iraqi noncompliance with UNSC resolutions over a period of 12 years led to the US-led invasion of Iraq in March 2003 and the ouster of the SADDAM Husayn regime. Coalition forces remain in Iraq under a UNSC mandate, helping to provide security and to support the freely elected government. The Coalition Provisional Authority, which temporarily administered Iraq after the invasion, transferred full governmental authority on 28 June 2004 to the Iraqi Interim Government, which governed under the Transitional Administrative Law for Iraq (TAL). Under the TAL, elections for a 275-member Transitional National Assembly (TNA) were held in Iraq on 30 January 2005. Following these elections, the Iraqi Transitional Government (ITG) assumed office. The TNA was charged with drafting Iraq's permanent constitution, which was approved in a 15 October 2005 constitutional referendum. An election under the constitution for a 275-member Council of Representatives (CoR) was held on 15 December 2005. The CoR approval in the selection of most of the cabinet ministers on 20 May 2006 marked the transition from the ITG to Iraq's first constitutional government in nearly a half-century. (from the CIA)
 
 

 

Economic Overview

Iraq's economy is dominated by the oil sector, which has traditionally provided about 95% of foreign exchange earnings. although looting, insurgent attacks, and sabotage have undermined economy rebuilding efforts, economic activity is beginning to pick up in areas recently secured by the us military surge. oil exports are around levels seen before operation iraqi freedom, and total government revenues have benefited from high oil prices. despite political uncertainty, iraq is making some progress in building the institutions needed to implement economic policy and has negotiated a debt reduction agreement with the paris club and a new stand-by arrangement with the imf. iraq has received pledges for $13.5 billion in foreign aid for 2004-07 from outside of the us, more than $33 billion in total pledges. the international compact with iraq was established in may 2007 to integrate iraq into the regional and global economy, and the iraqi government is seeking to pass laws to strengthen its economy. this legislation includes a hydrocarbon law to establish a modern legal framework to allow iraq to develop its resources and a revenue sharing law to equitably divide oil revenues within the nation, although both are still bogged down in discussions. the central bank has been successful in controlling inflation through appreciation of the dinar against the us dollar. reducing corruption and implementing structural reforms, such as bank restructuring and developing the private sector, will be key to iraq's economic success.

Environmental Issues

Government water control projects have drained most of the inhabited marsh areas east of an nasiriyah by drying up or diverting the feeder streams and rivers; a once sizable population of marsh arabs, who inhabited these areas for thousands of years, has been displaced; furthermore, the destruction of the natural habitat poses serious threats to the area's wildlife populations; inadequate supplies of potable water; development of the tigris and euphrates rivers system contingent upon agreements with upstream riparian turkey; air and water pollution; soil degradation (salination) and erosion; desertification

Government Type

Parliamentary democracy

Population

28,221,180 (july 2008 est.)

Location

Middle east, bordering the persian gulf, between iran and kuwait

Area

Total: 437,072 sq km land: 432,162 sq km water: 4,910 sq km

Slightly more than twice the size of idaho

Country Aliases

Conventional long form: republic of iraq conventional short form: iraq local long form: al jumhuriyah al-iraqiyah local short form: al iraq

Capital

Name: baghdad geographic coordinates: 33 20 n, 44 23 e time difference: utc+3 (8 hours ahead of washington, dc during standard time) daylight saving time: +1hr, begins 1 april; ends 1 october

Military Service

18-49 years of age for voluntary military service (2008)

International Disputes

Coalition forces assist iraqis in monitoring internal and cross-border security; approximately two million iraqis have fled the conflict in iraq, with the majority taking refuge in syria and jordan, and lesser numbers to egypt, lebanon, iran, and turkey; iraq's lack of a maritime boundary with iran prompts jurisdiction disputes beyond the mouth of the shatt al arab in the persian gulf; turkey has expressed concern over the autonomous status of kurds in iraq

Sources: Central Intelligence Agency (CIA)

11 Iraq Jobs Found


Key Accountabilities - Ensure trouble-free operations of Unified Communications infrastructure. - Identify risks to service delivery, recommend opt...
Airswift - Basrah - posted 7 days ago
We are looking for an experienced Project Manager to manage Oil Terminal FEED and Construction (2 years contract with possible extension). Job Purp...
Qaiwan Group - Sulaymaniah - posted 7 days ago
Responsibility for all people based activity within an organization from both an operational and strategic perspective. The HR Manager will be invo...
Oil and Gas Job Search - Kurdistan - posted 8 days ago
We are looking for English Teacher to join our dynamic team in Kurdistan. Minimum requirement: All Candidates should have minimum 5 years of experi...
Qaiwan Group - Sulaymaniah - posted 9 days ago
WTS Energy is seeking to hire Construction Superintendent for one of its client who is a reputed Oil & Gas EPC company for their project in Souht I...
WTS ENERGY - Basra - posted 14 days ago
WTS Energy is looking for a Safety Supervisor to work on rotation of 6/3 in South Iraq for a long term contract. The client is an oil and gas opera...
WTS ENERGY - Southeast Iraq - posted 16 days ago
-Iraqi national Sales Engineer required for Southern Iraq region. -Role involves sales of various upstream Oil and Gas products -Candidate will als...
Spencer Ogden - UAE - Basrah - posted 17 days ago
We are currently looking to recruit a PMC Contracts Manager for a multi billion Dollar Refinery Project based in Iraq. PMC (Project Management Cons...
Confidential - Karbala - posted 18 days ago
Business Class tickets Rotation: 30/28 Job Summary The Operations Support Specialist, (OSS), is responsible for supporting the Khormor Operations T...
Oil Exec International - Kurdistan - posted 23 days ago
WTS Energy is looking for a Senior Reservoir Engineer to work in Southeast Iraq on a rotation of 6 weeks on and 3 weeks off. The client is an inter...
WTS ENERGY - Southeast - posted 24 days ago

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