Careers, Jobs and Education Resources for: Israel

Staticmap?size=320x260&zoom=3&maptype=roadmap&sensor=false&key=abqiaaaa6rs7dlccekipwdombvotyxs1ytlivsncokofgdnrhb6rw0dnthqcnl mjgr1e3zqv7e889bab2f7na&center=israel&markers=israel
Following World War II, the British withdrew from their mandate of Palestine, and the UN partitioned the area into Arab and Jewish states, an arrangement rejected by the Arabs. Subsequently, the Israelis defeated the Arabs in a series of wars without ending the deep tensions between the two sides. The territories Israel occupied since the 1967 war are not included in the Israel country profile, unless otherwise noted. On 25 April 1982, Israel withdrew from the Sinai pursuant to the 1979 Israel-Egypt Peace Treaty. In keeping with the framework established at the Madrid Conference in October 1991, bilateral negotiations were conducted between Israel and Palestinian representatives and Syria to achieve a permanent settlement. Israel and Palestinian officials signed on 13 September 1993 a Declaration of Principles (also known as the "Oslo Accords") guiding an interim period of Palestinian self-rule. Outstanding territorial and other disputes with Jordan were resolved in the 26 October 1994 Israel-Jordan Treaty of Peace. In addition, on 25 May 2000, Israel withdrew unilaterally from southern Lebanon, which it had occupied since 1982. In April 2003, US President BUSH, working in conjunction with the EU, UN, and Russia - the "Quartet" - took the lead in laying out a roadmap to a final settlement of the conflict by 2005, based on reciprocal steps by the two parties leading to two states, Israel and a democratic Palestine. However, progress toward a permanent status agreement was undermined by Israeli-Palestinian violence between September 2003 and February 2005. An Israeli-Palestinian agreement reached at Sharm al-Sheikh in February 2005, along with an internally-brokered Palestinian ceasefire, significantly reduced the violence. In the summer of 2005, Israel unilaterally disengaged from the Gaza Strip, evacuating settlers and its military while retaining control over most points of entry into the Gaza Strip. The election of HAMAS in January 2006 to head the Palestinian Legislative Council froze relations between Israel and the Palestinian Authority (PA). Ehud OLMERT became prime minister in March 2006; following an Israeli military operation in Gaza in June-July 2006 and a 34-day conflict with Hizballah in Lebanon in June-August 2006, he shelved plans to unilaterally evacuate from most of the West Bank. OLMERT in June 2007 resumed talks with the PA after HAMAS seized control of the Gaza Strip and PA President Mahmoud ABBAS formed a new government without HAMAS. (from the CIA)


Economic Overview

Israel has a technologically advanced market economy with substantial, though diminishing, government participation. it depends on imports of crude oil, grains, raw materials, and military equipment. despite limited natural resources, israel has intensively developed its agricultural and industrial sectors over the past 20 years. israel imports substantial quantities of grain but is largely self-sufficient in other agricultural products. cut diamonds, high-technology equipment, and agricultural products (fruits and vegetables) are the leading exports. israel usually posts sizable trade deficits, which are covered by large transfer payments from abroad and by foreign loans. roughly half of the government's external debt is owed to the us, its major source of economic and military aid. israel's gdp, after contracting slightly in 2001 and 2002 due to the palestinian conflict and troubles in the high-technology sector, has grown by about 5% per year since 2003. the economy grew an estimated 5.4% in 2007, the fastest pace since 2000. the government's prudent fiscal policy and structural reforms over the past few years have helped to induce strong foreign investment, tax revenues, and private consumption, setting the economy on a solid growth path.

Environmental Issues

Limited arable land and natural fresh water resources pose serious constraints; desertification; air pollution from industrial and vehicle emissions; groundwater pollution from industrial and domestic waste, chemical fertilizers, and pesticides

Government Type

Parliamentary democracy


7,112,359 note: includes about 187,000 israeli settlers in the west bank, about 20,000 in the israeli-occupied golan heights, and fewer than 177,000 in east jerusalem (july 2008 est.)


Middle east, bordering the mediterranean sea, between egypt and lebanon


Total: 20,770 sq km land: 20,330 sq km water: 440 sq km

Slightly smaller than new jersey

Country Aliases

Conventional long form: state of israel conventional short form: israel local long form: medinat yisra'el local short form: yisra'el


Name: jerusalem geographic coordinates: 31 46 n, 35 14 e time difference: utc+2 (7 hours ahead of washington, dc during standard time) daylight saving time: +1hr, begins last friday in march; ends the sunday between the holidays of rosh hashana and yom kippur note: israel proclaimed jerusalem as its capital in 1950, but the us, like nearly all other countries, maintains its embassy in tel aviv

Military Service

18 years of age for compulsory (jews, druzes) and voluntary (christians, muslims, circassians) military service; both sexes are obligated to military service; conscript service obligation - 36 months for enlisted men, 21 months for enlisted women, 48 months for officers; reserve obligation to age 41-51 (men), 24 (women) (2008)

International Disputes

West bank and gaza strip are israeli-occupied with current status subject to the israeli-palestinian interim agreement - permanent status to be determined through further negotiation; israel continues construction of a "seam line" separation barrier along parts of the green line and within the west bank; israel withdrew its settlers and military from the gaza strip and from four settlements in the west bank in august 2005; golan heights is israeli-occupied (lebanon claims the shab'a farms area of golan heights); since 1948, about 350 peacekeepers from the un truce supervision organization (untso) headquartered in jerusalem monitor ceasefires, supervise armistice agreements, prevent isolated incidents from escalating, and assist other un personnel in the region

Sources: Central Intelligence Agency (CIA)

1 Israel Job Found

My client is a well-established company currently working on a major rail scheme in Israel. The project involves extensive tunnelling, multiple sta...
The Highfield Company - Herzliya - posted 17 days ago