Careers, Jobs and Education Resources for: Japan


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In 1603, a Tokugawa shogunate (military dictatorship) ushered in a long period of isolation from foreign influence in order to secure its power. For more than two centuries this policy enabled Japan to enjoy stability and a flowering of its indigenous culture. Following the Treaty of Kanagawa with the US in 1854, Japan opened its ports and began to intensively modernize and industrialize. During the late 19th and early 20th centuries, Japan became a regional power that was able to defeat the forces of both China and Russia. It occupied Korea, Formosa (Taiwan), and southern Sakhalin Island. In 1931-32 Japan occupied Manchuria, and in 1937 it launched a full-scale invasion of China. Japan attacked US forces in 1941 - triggering America's entry into World War II - and soon occupied much of East and Southeast Asia. After its defeat in World War II, Japan recovered to become an economic power and a staunch ally of the US. While the emperor retains his throne as a symbol of national unity, elected politicians - with heavy input from bureaucrats and business executives - wield actual decisionmaking power. The economy experienced a major slowdown starting in the 1990s following three decades of unprecedented growth, but Japan still remains a major economic power, both in Asia and globally. (from the CIA)
 
 

 

Economic Overview

Government-industry cooperation, a strong work ethic, mastery of high technology, and a comparatively small defense allocation (1% of gdp) helped japan advance with extraordinary rapidity to the rank of second most technologically powerful economy in the world after the us and the third-largest economy in the world after the us and china, measured on a purchasing power parity (ppp) basis. one notable characteristic of the economy has been how manufacturers, suppliers, and distributors have worked together in closely-knit groups called keiretsu. a second basic feature has been the guarantee of lifetime employment for a substantial portion of the urban labor force. both features have now eroded. japan's industrial sector is heavily dependent on imported raw materials and fuels. the tiny agricultural sector is highly subsidized and protected, with crop yields among the highest in the world. usually self sufficient in rice, japan must import about 55% of its food on a caloric basis. japan maintains one of the world's largest fishing fleets and accounts for nearly 15% of the global catch. for three decades, overall real economic growth had been spectacular - a 10% average in the 1960s, a 5% average in the 1970s, and a 4% average in the 1980s. growth slowed markedly in the 1990s, averaging just 1.7%, largely because of the after effects of overinvestment and an asset price bubble during the late 1980s that required a protracted period of time for firms to reduce excess debt, capital, and labor. from 2000 to 2001, government efforts to revive economic growth proved short lived and were hampered by the slowing of the us, european, and asian economies. in 2002-07, growth improved and the lingering fears of deflation in prices and economic activity lessened, leading the central bank to raise interest rates to 0.25% in july 2006, up from the near 0% rate of the six years prior, and to 0.50% in february 2007. in addition, the 10-year privatization of japan post, which has functioned not only as the national postal delivery system but also, through its banking and insurance facilities as japan's largest financial institution, was completed in october 2007, marking a major milestone in the process of structural reform. nevertheless, japan's huge government debt, which totals 182% of gdp, and the aging of the population are two major long-run problems. some fear that a rise in taxes could endanger the current economic recovery. debate also continues on the role of and effects of reform in restructuring the economy, particularly with respect to increasing income disparities.

Environmental Issues

Air pollution from power plant emissions results in acid rain; acidification of lakes and reservoirs degrading water quality and threatening aquatic life; japan is one of the largest consumers of fish and tropical timber, contributing to the depletion of these resources in asia and elsewhere

Government Type

Constitutional monarchy with a parliamentary government

Population

127,288,416 (july 2008 est.)

Location

Eastern asia, island chain between the north pacific ocean and the sea of japan, east of the korean peninsula

Area

Total: 377,835 sq km land: 374,744 sq km water: 3,091 sq km note: includes bonin islands (ogasawara-gunto), daito-shoto, minami-jima, okino-tori-shima, ryukyu islands (nansei-shoto), and volcano islands (kazan-retto)

Slightly smaller than california

Country Aliases

Conventional long form: none conventional short form: japan local long form: nihon-koku/nippon-koku local short form: nihon/nippon

Capital

Name: tokyo geographic coordinates: 35 41 n, 139 45 e time difference: utc+9 (14 hours ahead of washington, dc during standard time)

Military Service

18 years of age for voluntary military service (2001)

International Disputes

The sovereignty dispute over the islands of etorofu, kunashiri, and shikotan, and the habomai group, known in japan as the "northern territories" and in russia as the "southern kuril islands," occupied by the soviet union in 1945, now administered by russia and claimed by japan, remains the primary sticking point to signing a peace treaty formally ending world war ii hostilities; japan and south korea claim liancourt rocks (take-shima/tok-do) occupied by south korea since 1954; china and taiwan dispute both japan's claims to the uninhabited islands of the senkaku-shoto (diaoyu tai) and japan's unilaterally declared exclusive economic zone in the east china sea, the site of intensive hydrocarbon prospecting

Sources: Central Intelligence Agency (CIA)

8 Japan Jobs Found


Job Purpose: The Solution Architect will work with clients to solve business problems through the use of our world-class web deployed solutions. Wi...
Kofax - Tokyo - posted 5 days ago
外資IT企業にてCRM Pre-salesのポジションがございます。 主な仕事内容: • チャンネルパートナー企業社と一緒にpre-sales demo, workshop training, proposal preparationなどを担当する。 • 顧客とチャンネルパートナー企業社と共に...
Nigel Frank International APAC - Tokyo - posted 7 days ago
For 50 years, Entegris has been a provider of critical products and materials used in advanced high-technology manufacturing. These products and ma...
Entegris, Inc - Yonezawa City - posted 14 days ago
For 50 years, Entegris has been a provider of critical products and materials used in advanced high-technology manufacturing. These products and ma...
Entegris, Inc - Yonezawa City - posted 14 days ago
For 50 years, Entegris has been a provider of critical products and materials used in advanced high-technology manufacturing. These products and ma...
Entegris, Inc - Yonezawa City - posted 14 days ago
Appen has virtual, contract opportunity for native speakersof Japanese located in Japan. Project Location: Japan Hours: 5-10 total Tasks This proje...
Appen - Tokyo - posted 26 days ago
Description: ピツニーボウズジャパン\: アメリカ合衆国コネチカット州のオフィス機器、郵便料金計器(メーリングマシン)の製造販売を行うメーカー。世界130か国を超える国々で使用され、世界トップシェアを維持しています。国内では、東京本社他に日本全国に6つの営業所を持ち、本社には、So...
Pitney Bowes - Tokyo - posted 30 days ago
Hiring Company: Original Equipment Manufacturer (Rotating and Turbomachinery Equipments) Location: Tokyo, Japan Requirements: - Hands-on technical ...
Spencer Ogden - Singapore - Tokyo - posted 11 days ago

 
 
 
 

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