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Careers, Jobs and Education Resources for: Kuwait

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Britain oversaw foreign relations and defense for the ruling Kuwaiti AL-SABAH dynasty from 1899 until independence in 1961. Kuwait was attacked and overrun by Iraq on 2 August 1990. Following several weeks of aerial bombardment, a US-led, UN coalition began a ground assault on 23 February 1991 that liberated Kuwait in four days. Kuwait spent more than $5 billion to repair oil infrastructure damaged during 1990-91. The AL-SABAH family has ruled since returning to power in 1991 and reestablished an elected legislature that in recent years has become increasingly assertive. (from the CIA)


Economic Overview

Kuwait is a small, rich, relatively open economy with self-reported crude oil reserves of about 104 billion barrels - 10% of world reserves. petroleum accounts for nearly half of gdp, 95% of export revenues, and 80% of government income. high oil prices in recent years have helped build kuwait's budget and trade surpluses and foreign reserves. as a result of this positive fiscal situation, the need for economic reforms is less urgent and the government has not earnestly pushed through new initiatives. despite its vast oil reserves, kuwait experienced power outages during the summer months in 2006 and 2007 because demand exceeded power generating capacity. power outages are likely to worsen, given its high population growth rates, unless the government can increase generating capacity. in may 2007 kuwait changed its currency peg from the us dollar to a basket of currencies in order to curb inflation and to reduce its vulnerability to external shocks.

Environmental Issues

Limited natural fresh water resources; some of world's largest and most sophisticated desalination facilities provide much of the water; air and water pollution; desertification

Government Type

Constitutional emirate


2,596,799 note: includes 1,291,354 non-nationals (july 2008 est.)


Middle east, bordering the persian gulf, between iraq and saudi arabia


Total: 17,820 sq km land: 17,820 sq km water: 0 sq km

Slightly smaller than new jersey

Country Aliases

Conventional long form: state of kuwait conventional short form: kuwait local long form: dawlat al kuwayt local short form: al kuwayt


Name: kuwait geographic coordinates: 29 22 n, 47 58 e time difference: utc+3 (8 hours ahead of washington, dc during standard time)

Military Service

18 years of age for compulsory and voluntary military service; reserve obligation to age 40 with 1 month annual training; women have served in police forces since 1999 (2006)

International Disputes

Kuwait and saudi arabia continue negotiating a joint maritime boundary with iran; no maritime boundary exists with iraq in the persian gulf

Sources: Central Intelligence Agency (CIA)

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