Careers, Jobs and Education Resources for: Mali


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The Sudanese Republic and Senegal became independent of France in 1960 as the Mali Federation. When Senegal withdrew after only a few months, what formerly made up the Sudanese Republic was renamed Mali. Rule by dictatorship was brought to a close in 1991 by a military coup - led by the current president Amadou TOURE - enabling Mali's emergence as one of the strongest democracies on the continent. President Alpha KONARE won Mali's first democratic presidential election in 1992 and was reelected in 1997. In keeping with Mali's two-term constitutional limit, KONARE stepped down in 2002 and was succeeded by Amadou TOURE, who was subsequently elected to a second term in 2007. The elections were widely judged to be free and fair. (from the CIA)
 
 

 

Economic Overview

Mali is among the poorest countries in the world, with 65% of its land area desert or semidesert and with a highly unequal distribution of income. economic activity is largely confined to the riverine area irrigated by the niger. about 10% of the population is nomadic and some 80% of the labor force is engaged in farming and fishing. industrial activity is concentrated on processing farm commodities. mali is heavily dependent on foreign aid and vulnerable to fluctuations in world prices for cotton, its main export, along with gold. the government has continued its successful implementation of an imf-recommended structural adjustment program that is helping the economy grow, diversify, and attract foreign investment. mali's adherence to economic reform and the 50% devaluation of the cfa franc in january 1994 have pushed up economic growth to a 5% average in 1996-2007. worker remittances and external trade routes for the landlocked country have been jeopardized by continued unrest in neighboring cote d'ivoire.

Environmental Issues

Deforestation; soil erosion; desertification; inadequate supplies of potable water; poaching

Government Type

Republic

Population

12,324,029 (july 2008 est.)

Location

Western africa, southwest of algeria

Area

Total: 1.24 million sq km land: 1.22 million sq km water: 20,000 sq km

Slightly less than twice the size of texas

Country Aliases

Conventional long form: republic of mali conventional short form: mali local long form: republique de mali local short form: mali former: french sudan and sudanese republic

Capital

Name: bamako geographic coordinates: 12 39 n, 8 00 w time difference: utc 0 (5 hours ahead of washington, dc during standard time)

Military Service

18 years of age for compulsory and voluntary military service; conscript service obligation - 2 years (2008)

International Disputes

None

Sources: Central Intelligence Agency (CIA)

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