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Careers, Jobs and Education Resources for: Marshall Islands

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After almost four decades under US administration as the easternmost part of the UN Trust Territory of the Pacific Islands, the Marshall Islands attained independence in 1986 under a Compact of Free Association. Compensation claims continue as a result of US nuclear testing on some of the atolls between 1947 and 1962. The Marshall Islands hosts the US Army Kwajalein Atoll (USAKA) Reagan Missile Test Site, a key installation in the US missile defense network. (from the CIA)


Economic Overview

Us government assistance is the mainstay of this tiny island economy. the marshall islands received more than $1 billion in aid from the us from 1986-2002. agricultural production, primarily subsistence, is concentrated on small farms; the most important commercial crops are coconuts and breadfruit. small-scale industry is limited to handicrafts, tuna processing, and copra. the tourist industry, now a small source of foreign exchange employing less than 10% of the labor force, remains the best hope for future added income. the islands have few natural resources, and imports far exceed exports. under the terms of the amended compact of free association, the us will provide millions of dollars per year to the marshall islands (rmi) through 2023, at which time a trust fund made up of us and rmi contributions will begin perpetual annual payouts. government downsizing, drought, a drop in construction, the decline in tourism, and less income from the renewal of fishing vessel licenses have held gdp growth to an average of 1% over the past decade.

Environmental Issues

Inadequate supplies of potable water; pollution of majuro lagoon from household waste and discharges from fishing vessels

Government Type

Constitutional government in free association with the us; the compact of free association entered into force 21 october 1986 and the amended compact entered into force in may 2004


63,174 (july 2008 est.)


Oceania, two archipelagic island chains of 29 atolls, each made up of many small islets, and five single islands in the north pacific ocean, about half way between hawaii and australia


Total: 181.3 sq km land: 181.3 sq km water: 0 sq km note: the archipelago includes 11,673 sq km of lagoon waters and includes the atolls of bikini, enewetak, kwajalein, majuro, rongelap, and utirik

About the size of washington, dc

Country Aliases

Conventional long form: republic of the marshall islands conventional short form: marshall islands local long form: republic of the marshall islands local short form: marshall islands abbreviation: rmi former: trust territory of the pacific islands, marshall islands district


Name: majuro geographic coordinates: 7 06 n, 171 23 e time difference: utc+12 (17 hours ahead of washington, dc during standard time)

International Disputes

Claims us territory of wake island

Sources: Central Intelligence Agency (CIA)

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