Careers, Jobs and Education Resources for: Montserrat


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English and Irish colonists from St. Kitts first settled on Montserrat in 1632; the first African slaves arrived three decades later. The British and French fought for possession of the island for most of the 18th century, but it finally was confirmed as a British possession in 1783. The island's sugar plantation economy was converted to small farm landholdings in the mid 19th century. Much of this island was devastated and two-thirds of the population fled abroad because of the eruption of the Soufriere Hills Volcano that began on 18 July 1995. Montserrat has endured volcanic activity since, with the last eruption occurring in July 2003. (from the CIA)
 
 

 

Economic Overview

Severe volcanic activity, which began in july 1995, has put a damper on this small, open economy. a catastrophic eruption in june 1997 closed the airports and seaports, causing further economic and social dislocation. two-thirds of the 12,000 inhabitants fled the island. some began to return in 1998, but lack of housing limited the number. the agriculture sector continued to be affected by the lack of suitable land for farming and the destruction of crops. prospects for the economy depend largely on developments in relation to the volcanic activity and on public sector construction activity. the uk has launched a three-year $122.8 million aid program to help reconstruct the economy. half of the island is expected to remain uninhabitable for another decade.

Environmental Issues

Land erosion occurs on slopes that have been cleared for cultivation

Government Type

Na

Population

5,079 note: an estimated 8,000 refugees left the island following the resumption of volcanic activity in july 1995; some have returned (july 2008 est.)

Location

Caribbean, island in the caribbean sea, southeast of puerto rico

Area

Total: 102 sq km land: 102 sq km water: 0 sq km

About 0.6 times the size of washington, dc

Country Aliases

Conventional long form: none conventional short form: montserrat

Capital

Name: plymouth geographic coordinates: 16 42 n, 62 13 w time difference: utc-4 (1 hour ahead of washington, dc during standard time) note: plymouth was abandoned in 1997 because of volcanic activity; interim government buildings have been built at brades estate in the carr's bay/little bay vicinity at the northwest end of montserrat

International Disputes

None

Sources: Central Intelligence Agency (CIA)

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