Careers, Jobs and Education Resources for: Nepal


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In 1951, the Nepalese monarch ended the century-old system of rule by hereditary premiers and instituted a cabinet system of government. Reforms in 1990 established a multiparty democracy within the framework of a constitutional monarchy. An insurgency led by Maoist extremists broke out in 1996. The ensuing nine-year civil war between insurgents and government forces witnessed the dissolution of the cabinet and parliament and assumption of absolute power by the king. Several weeks of mass protests in April 2006 were followed by several months of peace negotiations between the Maoists and government officials, and culminated in a November 2006 peace accord and the promulgation of an interim constitution. The newly formed interim parliament declared Nepal a democratic federal republic at its first meeting in May 2008, the king vacated the throne in mid-June 2008, and parliament elected the country's first president the following month. (from the CIA)
 
 

 

Economic Overview

Nepal is among the poorest and least developed countries in the world with almost one-third of its population living below the poverty line. agriculture is the mainstay of the economy, providing a livelihood for three-fourths of the population and accounting for 38% of gdp. industrial activity mainly involves the processing of agricultural produce including jute, sugarcane, tobacco, and grain. security concerns relating to the maoist conflict have led to a decrease in tourism, a key source of foreign exchange. nepal has considerable scope for exploiting its potential in hydropower and tourism, areas of recent foreign investment interest. prospects for foreign trade or investment in other sectors will remain poor, however, because of the small size of the economy, its technological backwardness, its remoteness, its landlocked geographic location, its civil strife, and its susceptibility to natural disaster.

Environmental Issues

Deforestation (overuse of wood for fuel and lack of alternatives); contaminated water (with human and animal wastes, agricultural runoff, and industrial effluents); wildlife conservation; vehicular emissions

Government Type

Democratic republic

Population

29,519,114 (july 2008 est.)

Location

Southern asia, between china and india

Area

Total: 147,181 sq km land: 143,181 sq km water: 4,000 sq km

Slightly larger than arkansas

Country Aliases

Conventional long form: federal democratic republic of nepal conventional short form: nepal local long form: sanghiya loktantrik ganatantra nepal local short form: nepal

Capital

Name: kathmandu geographic coordinates: 27 43 n, 85 19 e time difference: utc+5.75 (10.75 hours ahead of washington, dc during standard time)

Military Service

18 years of age for voluntary military service; 15 years of age for military training; no conscription (2008)

International Disputes

Joint border commission continues to work on contested sections of boundary with india, including the 400 square kilometer dispute over the source of the kalapani river; india has instituted a stricter border regime to restrict transit of maoist insurgents and illegal cross-border activities; approximately 106,000 bhutanese lhotshampas (hindus) have been confined in refugee camps in southeastern nepal since 1990

Sources: Central Intelligence Agency (CIA)

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