Careers, Jobs and Education Resources for: Rwanda


In 1959, three years before independence from Belgium, the majority ethnic group, the Hutus, overthrew the ruling Tutsi king. Over the next several years, thousands of Tutsis were killed, and some 150,000 driven into exile in neighboring countries. The children of these exiles later formed a rebel group, the Rwandan Patriotic Front (RPF), and began a civil war in 1990. The war, along with several political and economic upheavals, exacerbated ethnic tensions, culminating in April 1994 in the genocide of roughly 800,000 Tutsis and moderate Hutus. The Tutsi rebels defeated the Hutu regime and ended the killing in July 1994, but approximately 2 million Hutu refugees - many fearing Tutsi retribution - fled to neighboring Burundi, Tanzania, Uganda, and Zaire. Since then, most of the refugees have returned to Rwanda, but several thousand remained in the neighboring Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC; the former Zaire) and formed an extremist insurgency bent on retaking Rwanda, much as the RPF tried in 1990. Despite substantial international assistance and political reforms - including Rwanda's first local elections in March 1999 and its first post-genocide presidential and legislative elections in August and September 2003 - the country continues to struggle to boost investment and agricultural output, and ethnic reconciliation is complicated by the real and perceived Tutsi political dominance. Kigali's increasing centralization and intolerance of dissent, the nagging Hutu extremist insurgency across the border, and Rwandan involvement in two wars in recent years in the neighboring DRC continue to hinder Rwanda's efforts to escape its bloody legacy. (from the CIA)
 
 

 

Economic Overview

Rwanda is a poor rural country with about 90% of the population engaged in (mainly subsistence) agriculture. it is the most densely populated country in africa and is landlocked with few natural resources and minimal industry. primary foreign exchange earners are coffee and tea. the 1994 genocide decimated rwanda's fragile economic base, severely impoverished the population, particularly women, and eroded the country's ability to attract private and external investment. however, rwanda has made substantial progress in stabilizing and rehabilitating its economy to pre-1994 levels, although poverty levels are higher now. gdp has rebounded and inflation has been curbed. despite rwanda's fertile ecosystem, food production often does not keep pace with population growth, requiring food imports. rwanda continues to receive substantial aid money and obtained imf-world bank heavily indebted poor country (hipc) initiative debt relief in 2005-06. rwanda also received millennium challenge account threshold status in 2006. the government has embraced an expansionary fiscal policy to reduce poverty by improving education, infrastructure, and foreign and domestic investment and pursuing market-oriented reforms, although energy shortages, instability in neighboring states, and lack of adequate transportation linkages to other countries continue to handicap growth.

Environmental Issues

Deforestation results from uncontrolled cutting of trees for fuel; overgrazing; soil exhaustion; soil erosion; widespread poaching

Government Type

Republic; presidential, multiparty system

Population

10,186,063 note: estimates for this country explicitly take into account the effects of excess mortality due to aids; this can result in lower life expectancy, higher infant mortality, higher death rates, lower population growth rates, and changes in the distribution of population by age and sex than would otherwise be expected (july 2008 est.)

Location

Central africa, east of democratic republic of the congo

Area

Total: 26,338 sq km land: 24,948 sq km water: 1,390 sq km

Slightly smaller than maryland

Country Aliases

Conventional long form: republic of rwanda conventional short form: rwanda local long form: republika y'u rwanda local short form: rwanda former: ruanda, german east africa

Capital

Name: kigali geographic coordinates: 1 57 s, 30 04 e time difference: utc+2 (7 hours ahead of washington, dc during standard time)

Military Service

18 years of age for voluntary military service; no conscription (2008)

International Disputes

Fighting among ethnic groups - loosely associated political rebels, armed gangs, and various government forces in great lakes region transcending the boundaries of burundi, democratic republic of the congo, rwanda, and uganda - abated substantially from a decade ago due largely to un peacekeeping, international mediation, and efforts by local governments to create civil societies; nonetheless, 57,000 rwandan refugees still reside in 21 african states, including zambia, gabon, and 20,000 who fled to burundi in 2005 and 2006 to escape drought and recriminations from traditional courts investigating the 1994 massacres; the 2005 droc and rwanda border verification mechanism to stem rebel actions on both sides of the border remains in place

Sources: Central Intelligence Agency (CIA)

2 Rwanda Jobs Found


RESPONSIBILITIES AND DUTIES: The Maintenance Manager will be responsible for all activities relating to the maintenance management of the Power Pla...
Ogas Solutions Thai - Kibuye - posted 9 days ago
RESPONSIBILITIES AND DUTIES: The Gas Extraction and Production Manager is responsible for direct supervision and management of the day-to-day opera...
Ogas Solutions Thai - Kibuye - posted 9 days ago

 
 
 
 
 
 
 

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