Careers, Jobs and Education Resources for: Solomon Islands


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The UK established a protectorate over the Solomon Islands in the 1890s. Some of the bitterest fighting of World War II occurred on this archipelago. Self-government was achieved in 1976 and independence two years later. Ethnic violence, government malfeasance, and endemic crime have undermined stability and civil society. In June 2003, then Prime Minister Sir Allan KEMAKEZA sought the assistance of Australia in reestablishing law and order; the following month, an Australian-led multinational force arrived to restore peace and disarm ethnic militias. The Regional Assistance Mission to the Solomon Islands (RAMSI) has generally been effective in restoring law and order and rebuilding government institutions. (from the CIA)
 
 

 

Economic Overview

The bulk of the population depends on agriculture, fishing, and forestry for at least part of its livelihood. most manufactured goods and petroleum products must be imported. the islands are rich in undeveloped mineral resources such as lead, zinc, nickel, and gold. prior to the arrival of the regional assistance mission to the solomon islands (ramsi), severe ethnic violence, the closing of key businesses, and an empty government treasury culminated in economic collapse. ramsi's efforts to restore law and order and economic stability have led to modest growth as the economy rebuilds.

Environmental Issues

Deforestation; soil erosion; many of the surrounding coral reefs are dead or dying

Government Type

Parliamentary democracy

Population

581,318 (july 2008 est.)

Location

Oceania, group of islands in the south pacific ocean, east of papua new guinea

Area

Total: 28,450 sq km land: 27,540 sq km water: 910 sq km

Slightly smaller than maryland

Country Aliases

Conventional long form: none conventional short form: solomon islands local long form: none local short form: solomon islands former: british solomon islands

Capital

Name: honiara geographic coordinates: 9 26 s, 159 57 e time difference: utc+11 (16 hours ahead of washington, dc during standard time)

International Disputes

Since 2003, the regional assistance mission to the solomon islands (ramsi), consisting of police, military, and civilian advisors drawn from 15 countries, has assisted in reestablishing and maintaining civil and political order while reinforcing regional stability and security

Sources: Central Intelligence Agency (CIA)

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