Careers, Jobs and Education Resources for: Taiwan


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In 1895, military defeat forced China to cede Taiwan to Japan. Taiwan reverted to Chinese control after World War II. Following the Communist victory on the mainland in 1949, 2 million Nationalists fled to Taiwan and established a government using the 1946 constitution drawn up for all of China. Over the next five decades, the ruling authorities gradually democratized and incorporated the local population within the governing structure. In 2000, Taiwan underwent its first peaceful transfer of power from the Nationalist to the Democratic Progressive Party. Throughout this period, the island prospered and became one of East Asia's economic "Tigers." The dominant political issues continue to be the relationship between Taiwan and China - specifically the question of eventual unification - as well as domestic political and economic reform. (from the CIA)
 
 

 

Economic Overview

Taiwan has a dynamic capitalist economy with gradually decreasing guidance of investment and foreign trade by the authorities. in keeping with this trend, some large, state-owned banks and industrial firms are being privatized. exports have provided the primary impetus for industrialization. the island runs a large trade surplus, and its foreign reserves are among the world's largest. despite restrictions on cross-strait links, china has overtaken the us to become taiwan's largest export market and its second-largest source of imports after japan. china is also the island's number one destination for foreign direct investment. strong trade performance in 2007 pushed taiwan's gdp growth rate above 5%, and unemployment is below 4%.

Environmental Issues

Air pollution; water pollution from industrial emissions, raw sewage; contamination of drinking water supplies; trade in endangered species; low-level radioactive waste disposal

Government Type

Multiparty democracy

Population

22,920,946 (july 2008 est.)

Location

Eastern asia, islands bordering the east china sea, philippine sea, south china sea, and taiwan strait, north of the philippines, off the southeastern coast of china

Area

Total: 35,980 sq km land: 32,260 sq km water: 3,720 sq km note: includes the pescadores, matsu, and quemoy islands

Slightly smaller than maryland and delaware combined

Country Aliases

Conventional long form: none conventional short form: taiwan local long form: none local short form: t'ai-wan former: formosa

Capital

Name: taipei geographic coordinates: 25 03 n, 121 30 e time difference: utc+8 (13 hours ahead of washington, dc during standard time)

Military Service

19-35 years of age for male compulsory military service; service obligation 1 year; women may enlist; women in air force service are restricted to noncombat roles; reserve obligation to age 30 (army); the ministry of defense has announced plans to implement an incremental voluntary enlistment system beginning 2010, with 10% fewer conscripts each year thereafter, although nonvolunteers will still be required to perform alternative service or go through 3-4 months of military training (2008)

International Disputes

Involved in complex dispute with china, malaysia, philippines, vietnam, and possibly brunei over the spratly islands; the 2002 "declaration on the conduct of parties in the south china sea" has eased tensions but falls short of a legally binding "code of conduct" desired by several of the disputants; paracel islands are occupied by china, but claimed by taiwan and vietnam; in 2003, china and taiwan became more vocal in rejecting both japan's claims to the uninhabited islands of the senkaku-shoto (diaoyu tai) and japan's unilaterally declared exclusive economic zone in the east china sea where all parties engage in hydrocarbon prospecting

Sources: Central Intelligence Agency (CIA)

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