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Careers, Jobs and Education Resources for: Tajikistan

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The Tajik people came under Russian rule in the 1860s and 1870s, but Russia's hold on Central Asia weakened following the Revolution of 1917. Bolshevik control of the area was fiercely contested and not fully reestablished until 1925. Much of present-day Sughd province was transferred from the Uzbekistan SSR to newly formed Tajikistan SSR in 1929. Ethnic Uzbeks form a substantial minority in Sughd province. Tajikistan became independent in 1991 following the breakup of the Soviet Union, and it is now in the process of strengthening its democracy and transitioning to a free market economy after its 1992-97 civil war. There have been no major security incidents in recent years, although the country remains the poorest in the former Soviet sphere. Attention by the international community in the wake of the war in Afghanistan has brought increased economic development and security assistance, which could create jobs and increase stability in the long term. Tajikistan is in the early stages of seeking World Trade Organization membership and has joined NATO's Partnership for Peace. (from the CIA)


Economic Overview

Tajikistan has one of the lowest per capita gdps among the 15 former soviet republics. only 7% of the land area is arable. cotton is the most important crop, but this sector is burdened with debt and an obsolete infrastructure. mineral resources include silver, gold, uranium, and tungsten. industry consists only of a large aluminum plant, hydropower facilities, and small obsolete factories mostly in light industry and food processing. the civil war (1992-97) severely damaged the already weak economic infrastructure and caused a sharp decline in industrial and agricultural production. while tajikistan has experienced steady economic growth since 1997, nearly two-thirds of the population continues to live in abject poverty. economic growth reached 10.6% in 2004, but dropped to 8% in 2005, 7% in 2006, and 7.8% in 2007. tajikistan's economic situation remains fragile due to uneven implementation of structural reforms, corruption, weak governance, widespread unemployment, seasonal power shortages, and the external debt burden. continued privatization of medium and large state-owned enterprises could increase productivity. a debt restructuring agreement was reached with russia in december 2002 including a $250 million write-off of tajikistan's $300 million debt. tajikistan ranks third in the world in terms of water resources per head, but suffers winter power shortages due to poor management of water levels in rivers and reservoirs. completion of the sangtuda i hydropower dam - built with russian investment - and the sangtuda ii and rogun dams will add substantially to electricity output. if finished according to tajik plans, rogun will be the world's tallest dam. tajikistan has also received substantial infrastructure development loans from the chinese government to improve roads and an electricity transmission network. to help increase north-south trade, the us funded a $36 million bridge which opened in august 2007 and links tajikistan and afghanistan.

Environmental Issues

Inadequate sanitation facilities; increasing levels of soil salinity; industrial pollution; excessive pesticides

Government Type



7,211,884 (july 2008 est.)


Central asia, west of china


Total: 143,100 sq km land: 142,700 sq km water: 400 sq km

Slightly smaller than wisconsin

Country Aliases

Conventional long form: republic of tajikistan conventional short form: tajikistan local long form: jumhurii tojikiston local short form: tojikiston former: tajik soviet socialist republic


Name: dushanbe geographic coordinates: 38 35 n, 68 48 e time difference: utc+5 (10 hours ahead of washington, dc during standard time)

Military Service

18 years of age for compulsory military service; 2-year conscript service obligation (2007)

International Disputes

In 2006, china and tajikistan pledged to commence demarcation of the revised boundary agreed to in the delimitation of 2002; talks continue with uzbekistan to delimit border and remove minefields; disputes in isfara valley delay delimitation with kyrgyzstan

Sources: Central Intelligence Agency (CIA)

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