Careers, Jobs and Education Resources for: Tanzania


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Shortly after achieving independence from Britain in the early 1960s, Tanganyika and Zanzibar merged to form the nation of Tanzania in 1964. One-party rule came to an end in 1995 with the first democratic elections held in the country since the 1970s. Zanzibar's semi-autonomous status and popular opposition have led to two contentious elections since 1995, which the ruling party won despite international observers' claims of voting irregularities. (from the CIA)
 
 

 

Economic Overview

Tanzania is one of the poorest countries in the world. the economy depends heavily on agriculture, which accounts for more than 40% of gdp, provides 85% of exports, and employs 80% of the work force. topography and climatic conditions, however, limit cultivated crops to only 4% of the land area. industry traditionally featured the processing of agricultural products and light consumer goods. the world bank, the imf, and bilateral donors have provided funds to rehabilitate tanzania's out-of-date economic infrastructure and to alleviate poverty. long-term growth through 2005 featured a pickup in industrial production and a substantial increase in output of minerals led by gold. recent banking reforms have helped increase private-sector growth and investment. continued donor assistance and solid macroeconomic policies supported real gdp growth of nearly 7% in 2007.

Environmental Issues

Soil degradation; deforestation; desertification; destruction of coral reefs threatens marine habitats; recent droughts affected marginal agriculture; wildlife threatened by illegal hunting and trade, especially for ivory

Government Type

Republic

Population

40,213,160 note: estimates for this country explicitly take into account the effects of excess mortality due to aids; this can result in lower life expectancy, higher infant mortality, higher death rates, lower population growth rates, and changes in the distribution of population by age and sex than would otherwise be expected (july 2008 est.)

Location

Eastern africa, bordering the indian ocean, between kenya and mozambique

Area

Total: 945,087 sq km land: 886,037 sq km water: 59,050 sq km note: includes the islands of mafia, pemba, and zanzibar

Slightly larger than twice the size of california

Country Aliases

Conventional long form: united republic of tanzania conventional short form: tanzania local long form: jamhuri ya muungano wa tanzania local short form: tanzania former: united republic of tanganyika and zanzibar

Capital

Name: dar es salaam geographic coordinates: 6 48 s, 39 17 e time difference: utc+3 (8 hours ahead of washington, dc during standard time) note: legislative offices have been transferred to dodoma, which is planned as the new national capital; the national assembly now meets there on a regular basis

Military Service

18 years of age for voluntary military service (2007)

International Disputes

Tanzania still hosts more than a half-million refugees, more than any other african country, mainly from burundi and the democratic republic of the congo, despite the international community's efforts at repatriation; disputes with malawi over the boundary in lake nyasa (lake malawi) and the meandering songwe river remain dormant

Sources: Central Intelligence Agency (CIA)

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