Careers, Jobs and Education Resources for: Tunisia


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Rivalry between French and Italian interests in Tunisia culminated in a French invasion in 1881 and the creation of a protectorate. Agitation for independence in the decades following World War I was finally successful in getting the French to recognize Tunisia as an independent state in 1956. The country's first president, Habib BOURGUIBA, established a strict one-party state. He dominated the country for 31 years, repressing Islamic fundamentalism and establishing rights for women unmatched by any other Arab nation. In November 1987, BOURGUIBA was removed from office and replaced by Zine el Abidine BEN ALI in a bloodless coup. BEN ALI is currently serving his fourth consecutive five-year term as president; the next elections are scheduled for October 2009. Tunisia has long taken a moderate, non-aligned stance in its foreign relations. Domestically, it has sought to defuse rising pressure for a more open political society. (from the CIA)
 
 

 

Economic Overview

Tunisia has a diverse economy, with important agricultural, mining, tourism, and manufacturing sectors. governmental control of economic affairs while still heavy has gradually lessened over the past decade with increasing privatization, simplification of the tax structure, and a prudent approach to debt. progressive social policies also have helped raise living conditions in tunisia relative to the region. real growth, which averaged almost 5% over the past decade, reached 6.3% in 2007 because of development in non-textile manufacturing, a recovery in agricultural production, and strong growth in the services sector. however, tunisia will need to reach even higher growth levels to create sufficient employment opportunities for an already large number of unemployed as well as the growing population of university graduates. broader privatization, further liberalization of the investment code to increase foreign investment, improvements in government efficiency, and reduction of the trade deficit are among the challenges ahead.

Environmental Issues

Toxic and hazardous waste disposal is ineffective and poses health risks; water pollution from raw sewage; limited natural fresh water resources; deforestation; overgrazing; soil erosion; desertification

Government Type

Republic

Population

10,383,577 (july 2008 est.)

Location

Northern africa, bordering the mediterranean sea, between algeria and libya

Area

Total: 163,610 sq km land: 155,360 sq km water: 8,250 sq km

Slightly larger than georgia

Country Aliases

Conventional long form: tunisian republic conventional short form: tunisia local long form: al jumhuriyah at tunisiyah local short form: tunis

Capital

Name: tunis geographic coordinates: 36 48 n, 10 11 e time difference: utc+1 (6 hours ahead of washington, dc during standard time) daylight saving time: +1hr, begins last sunday in march; ends last sunday in october

Military Service

20 years of age for compulsory military service; conscript service obligation - 12 months; 18 years of age for voluntary military service (2007)

International Disputes

None

Sources: Central Intelligence Agency (CIA)

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