Careers, Jobs and Education Resources for: Uganda


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The colonial boundaries created by Britain to delimit Uganda grouped together a wide range of ethnic groups with different political systems and cultures. These differences prevented the establishment of a working political community after independence was achieved in 1962. The dictatorial regime of Idi AMIN (1971-79) was responsible for the deaths of some 300,000 opponents; guerrilla war and human rights abuses under Milton OBOTE (1980-85) claimed at least another 100,000 lives. The rule of Yoweri MUSEVENI since 1986 has brought relative stability and economic growth to Uganda. During the 1990s, the government promulgated non-party presidential and legislative elections. (from the CIA)
 
 

 

Economic Overview

Uganda has substantial natural resources, including fertile soils, regular rainfall, and sizable mineral deposits of copper, cobalt, gold, and other minerals. agriculture is the most important sector of the economy, employing over 80% of the work force. coffee accounts for the bulk of export revenues. since 1986, the government - with the support of foreign countries and international agencies - has acted to rehabilitate and stabilize the economy by undertaking currency reform, raising producer prices on export crops, increasing prices of petroleum products, and improving civil service wages. the policy changes are especially aimed at dampening inflation and boosting production and export earnings. during 1990-2001, the economy turned in a solid performance based on continued investment in the rehabilitation of infrastructure, improved incentives for production and exports, reduced inflation, gradually improved domestic security, and the return of exiled indian-ugandan entrepreneurs. growth continues to be solid, despite variability in the price of coffee, uganda's principal export, and a consistent upturn in uganda's export markets. in 2000, uganda qualified for enhanced highly indebted poor countries (hipc) debt relief worth $1.3 billion and paris club debt relief worth $145 million. these amounts combined with the original hipc debt relief added up to about $2 billion.

Environmental Issues

Draining of wetlands for agricultural use; deforestation; overgrazing; soil erosion; water hyacinth infestation in lake victoria; widespread poaching

Government Type

Republic

Population

31,367,972 note: estimates for this country explicitly take into account the effects of excess mortality due to aids; this can result in lower life expectancy, higher infant mortality, higher death rates, lower population growth rates, and changes in the distribution of population by age and sex than would otherwise be expected (july 2008 est.)

Location

Eastern africa, west of kenya

Area

Total: 236,040 sq km land: 199,710 sq km water: 36,330 sq km

Slightly smaller than oregon

Country Aliases

Conventional long form: republic of uganda conventional short form: uganda

Capital

Name: kampala geographic coordinates: 0 19 n, 32 25 e time difference: utc+3 (8 hours ahead of washington, dc during standard time)

Military Service

18-26 years of age for compulsory and voluntary military duty; 18-30 years of age for professionals; 9-year service obligation; the government has stated that recruitment below 18 years of age could occur with proper consent and that "no person under the apparent age of 13 years shall be enrolled in the armed forces"; ugandan citizenship required (2008)

International Disputes

Uganda is subject to armed fighting among hostile ethnic groups, rebels, armed gangs, militias, and various government forces that extend across its borders; uganda hosts 209,860 sudanese, 27,560 congolese, and 19,710 rwandan refugees, while ugandan refugees as well as members of the lord's resistance army (lra) seek shelter in southern sudan and the democratic republic of the congo's garamba national park; lra forces have also attacked kenyan villages across the border

Sources: Central Intelligence Agency (CIA)

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