Careers, Jobs and Education Resources for: Zambia


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The territory of Northern Rhodesia was administered by the [British] South Africa Company from 1891 until it was taken over by the UK in 1923. During the 1920s and 1930s, advances in mining spurred development and immigration. The name was changed to Zambia upon independence in 1964. In the 1980s and 1990s, declining copper prices and a prolonged drought hurt the economy. Elections in 1991 brought an end to one-party rule, but the subsequent vote in 1996 saw blatant harassment of opposition parties. The election in 2001 was marked by administrative problems with three parties filing a legal petition challenging the election of ruling party candidate Levy MWANAWASA. The new president launched an anticorruption investigation in 2002 to probe high-level corruption during the previous administration. In 2006-07, this task force successfully prosecuted four cases, including a landmark civil case in the UK in which former President CHILUBA and numerous others were found liable for USD 41 million. MWANAWASA was reelected in 2006 in an election that was deemed free and fair. (from the CIA)
 
 

 

Economic Overview

Zambia's economy has experienced modest growth in recent years, with real gdp growth in 2005-07 between 5-6% per year. privatization of government-owned copper mines in the 1990s relieved the government from covering mammoth losses generated by the industry and greatly improved the chances for copper mining to return to profitability and spur economic growth. copper output has increased steadily since 2004, due to higher copper prices and foreign investment. in 2005, zambia qualified for debt relief under the highly indebted poor country initiative, consisting of approximately usd 6 billion in debt relief. zambia experienced a bumper harvest in 2007, which helped to boost gdp and agricultural exports and contain inflation. although poverty continues to be significant problem in zambia, its economy has strengthened, featuring single-digit inflation, a relatively stable currency, decreasing interest rates, and increasing levels of trade.

Environmental Issues

Air pollution and resulting acid rain in the mineral extraction and refining region; chemical runoff into watersheds; poaching seriously threatens rhinoceros, elephant, antelope, and large cat populations; deforestation; soil erosion; desertification; lack of adequate water treatment presents human health risks

Government Type

Republic

Population

11,669,534 note: estimates for this country explicitly take into account the effects of excess mortality due to aids; this can result in lower life expectancy, higher infant mortality, higher death rates, lower population growth rates, and changes in the distribution of population by age and sex than would otherwise be expected (july 2008 est.)

Location

Southern africa, east of angola

Area

Total: 752,614 sq km land: 740,724 sq km water: 11,890 sq km

Slightly larger than texas

Country Aliases

Conventional long form: republic of zambia conventional short form: zambia former: northern rhodesia

Capital

Name: lusaka geographic coordinates: 15 25 s, 28 17 e time difference: utc+2 (7 hours ahead of washington, dc during standard time)

Military Service

18 years of age for voluntary military service (16 years of age with parental consent); no conscription (2008)

International Disputes

In 2004, zimbabwe dropped objections to plans between botswana and zambia to build a bridge over the zambezi river, thereby de facto recognizing a short, but not clearly delimited, botswana-zambia boundary in the river; 42,250 congolese refugees in zambia are offered voluntary repatriation in november 2006, most of whom are expected to return in the next two years; angolan refugees too have been repatriating but 26,450 still remain with 90,000 others from other neighboring states in 2006

Sources: Central Intelligence Agency (CIA)

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