Careers, Jobs and Education Resources for: Alabama


Fast Facts: Alabama ranks 30th in total land area and 2nd in size of inland waterways. The state capital is Montgomery, the largest city is Birmingham.

Alabama Careers: As of 2008, U.S. Census data estimated a population of 4,661,900. Alabama was recently ranked the 28th “Best State for Business” by Forbes Magazine.

Alabama Career Education: Best known for agriculture and engineering colleges, Alabama ranked 48th in a 2009 K-12 “Academic Achievement” study by the U. S. Chamber of Commerce.

Alabama Economy: Although called the “Cotton State,” according to various reports, Alabama actually ranks only between eighth and tenth in U.S. cotton production.

For details and sources, click the "Career Information" tab below.



Alabama Fast Facts:

Location, Location, Location..:  Alabama is located in the southern region of America and ranks 30th in total land area.

Cities:  The capital of Alabama is Montgomery, the largest city by population is Birmingham, the largest city by total land area is Huntsville and the oldest city is Mobile.

Favorite Sons and Daughters:  Henry “Hank” Aaron (Baseball Player), Helen Keller (Author, Educator), Rosa Parks (Civil Rights Activist), Condoleezza Rice (U.S. Secretary of State), Jesse Owens (Olympic Athlete), Nat King Cole (Musician), Willie Mays (Baseball Player).

Behind the Name:  Alabama is nicknamed the “Yellowhammer State” and the “Heart of Dixie.” The term “Alabama” means “tribal town” in the Creek Indian language. [Ed. Note:  The University of Alabama football fans would prefer it meant “Title Town.”]

A Closer Look:  The Confederate Constitution was formulated in Alabama.

Did You Know?  Alabama ranks 2nd in the U.S. in size of inland waterways.

Alabama Careers and Employment:

Population:  4,661,900 (4.8% increase since 2000) - 51.6% Female, 48.4% Male (2008 U.S. Census Bureau).

Business Environment:  Ranked 28th in Forbes Magazine’s “Best States for Business,” 2008.

Top Industries:  In terms of paid employees, according to a 2008 U.S. Census Bureau study: (1) manufacturing; (2) retail trade; (3) health care and social assistance; (4) accommodation and food services; and (5) administrative and support and waste management and remediation services.

Taxes:  Income Tax, 2.0% to 5.0% and Sales Tax, 4% (Federation of Tax Administrators).

Cost of Living:  92.0 in relation to the “National Average” of 100 (Federal Cost of Living Index).

Quality of Life:  Ranked 47th of 50 states by CNBC, 2009.

Weather:  Average Temperature (In °F) – Jan: 44.29; Apr: 61.99; July: 79.87; Oct: 63.08 (National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration).

K-12:  Ranked 48th of 50 states in “Academic Achievement” by the U.S. Chamber of Commerce, 2009.

Alabama Economics:

In General:  While Alabama’s economy was once almost entirely supported by the cotton industry, service industries as a group, generally concentrated in the state’s urban areas, represent the largest portion of the state’s gross product.

Service Industry:  At the top of the service list are community, business, and personal services (private health care, law firms, software developers, engineering companies) along with wholesale (groceries, machinery, mined products) and retail trades (auto dealerships, discount, food stores).


Agriculture:  Over three-fourths of Alabama’s annual agricultural production is generated by livestock products, with the remaining portion coming from crops. In terms of revenue generated, Alabama’s top five agricultural products are broilers (young chickens), cattle and calves, chicken eggs, greenhouse and nursery products and cotton.

Manufacturing:  Chemicals represent Alabama’s highest “value added” -- that is, the highest net revenue producing -- category in the manufacturing industry. Manufactured chemicals include industrial chemicals, chemical fibers for textiles, fertilizers and insecticides. Once at the forefront of Alabama’s industrial growth, the manufacture of primary metals such as iron and steel are still a part of the state’s economy.

Mining:  Coal, natural gas, petroleum (oil), crushed stone and limestone are the highest net revenue producing mining products in Alabama.

A Closer Look:  Alabama produces aerospace and electronic products, mostly in the Huntsville area, which is home to the NASA George C. Marshall Space Flight Center and the U.S. Army Aviation and Missile Command.


Did You Know?  Although called the “Cotton State,” according to various reports, Alabama actually ranks only between eighth and tenth in national cotton production, with Texas, Georgia and Mississippi comprising the top three.


Alabama Education:

Find Colleges and Universities in Alabama, here.


Sources:  In addition to specific citations noted in this “Career Information” section, supplementary source materials include:  the U.S. Department of Agriculture Economic Research Service;;;; and

General Information
4,443,866 Population (as of 2000)2.0 Average Persons Per Household (as of 2000)
4,707,274 Population (current)$70,928 Average House Value (as of 2000)
49,241.8 Square Miles of Land$30,068 Average House Income (as of 2000)
183.7 Square Miles of Water

Business Information
99,524 Number of Businesses (as of 2003)$10,985,966,000 Total First Quarter Payroll (as of 2003)
1,540,149 Number of Employees (as of 2003)$45,283,021,000 Total Annual Payroll (as of 2003)

Gender (as of 2000)
Ethnicity (as of 2000)
Median Ages (as of 2000)
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Colleges in the State of Alabama
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